Montoliva Wine & Vineyards

Can American Wineries Do Justice To Italian Varieties?

Dec 3
Written By Paul Gregutt

It was in the mid-1980s that the Antinori family of Tuscany began farming a 1200 acre site on Atlas Peak. The buzz back then was that they would feature Sangiovese, completing the circle that had brought so many Italian immigrants to the Napa Valley at the beginning of the 20th century. Rapid changes in partnerships, plans and plantings ultimately led to the establishment of their Antica winery in 1994, followed by the release of the first Antica wines in 2007 – a Cabernet Sauvignon and a Chardonnay!?! Today very little Sangiovese is grown and the project remains focused on classic Napa Valley varieties and Bordeaux blends.

In 1995 a second Antinori New World project was initiated, this time in partnership with Washington’s Ste. Michelle Wine Estates. The Col Solare winery and vineyard was perched atop Red Mountain, and if memory serves it was initially aiming to make a SuperTuscan style blend. It too has evolved almost entirely in the direction of Cabernet Sauvignon/Merlot blends, with just a bit of Syrah as well. Not an Italian varietal in sight. One wonders… if the Antinoris can’t succeed with Sangiovese in America, who can?

With rare exceptions the classic Italian varietal wines and blends such as Chianti and Barolo have not been successfully replicated or emulated here in the U.S. Nebbiolo? Other than my recent tasting of Saviah’s outstanding 2019 Dugger Creek Vineyard bottling, nothing else has come close. Sangiovese? Usually a pleasant but undistinguished generic red. Barbera? I’ve had a handful from southern Oregon that made my tongue stand at attention:  a Remotion 2018 Celestina Vineyard; a DanCin 2018 Sorella; and again a Dugger Creek 2020 Barbera from Saviah that was outstanding. But these are lonely exceptions in a landscape littered with nice tries.

One small under-the-radar winery has changed the picture for me, and convinced me that there are many more Italian grapes that can make brilliant wines in America if they are planted in the right place. And apparently that place – or at least one of them – is the Chicago Park sub-region in the western Sierra Foothills AVA.

Montoliva Vineyard & Winery is the project of grower/winemaker Mark Henry, a Northwest native who memorably admits “I have a tough time seeing myself as a winemaker… making wine is not my love. I love farming.” It’s in the vineyard, he believes, where the magic occurs.

“Making wine terrifies me to no end,” he concedes. “I don’t really understand a lot of what is happening, on a chemistry level. If things go south I don’t have the tools or knowledge to fix it. If I’ve done everything that I possibly can out in the vineyard to produce the best quality fruit I can then the best approach in the winery is to inoculate, ferment, extend maceration, press, barrel, SO2 it, and then leave it the hell alone!”

Montoliva began as a vineyard – no winery – in 2000. Two years later Henry traveled to Montalcino, home of the famous Brunello wines, where he rented the converted barn at La Crociona and “made a pest of myself for a couple of weeks.” While there winemaker Roberto Nannetti tutored him on the nuts and bolts of extended macerations, which may play an important role in the differences between ‘New World’ and ‘Old World’ wines.

Henry shares my thinking about those early attempts at “Cal-Ital” wines. “I don’t want to rag on anyone but look, all that ‘Cal-Ital’ in the late 90s was simply people thinking they were going to create the next Brunello by working with Italian varietals, but still using the approaches they were using with California Cab/Merlot/Chardonnay. All they ended up doing was creating over-priced Cab lite. You can’t work with Sangiovese or Aglianico and make anything worth drinking if you farm it to over- ripe, over-extract it, hit it with heavy oak, and then sterile filter it.”

Chicago Park is an agricultural community southeast of Grass Valley on the western slopes of the Sierra Foothills. Henry’s research convinced him that its geology was similar to Italy and the elevation (over 2000 feet) seemed to suit the Italian varieties he wanted to grow. Into the ground went small plots of Negroamaro, Aglianico, Sangiovese (four clones), Primitivo, Montepulciano, Teroldego, Aleatico and Canaiolo Nero.

A second site (Wabash Avenue Vineyard), first planted in 2015, grows Falanghina, Vermentino, Nero d’Avola, Dolcetto, Teroldego and Aglianico. That seems like a lot of virtually unknown grapes to manage, and Henry sees both plusses and minuses. “It has been a learning curve. The upside to growing varietals that nobody else does is who is going to tell you you’re doing it wrong? The downside is that there is nobody to ask when you have a question. You just have to figure it out for yourself.”

When I first tasted some samples from Montoliva I had zero knowledge of the wines, the winery, the winemaker or the vineyards. No presuppositions whatsoever. I was so utterly captivated that I asked to taste more of the entire portfolio. Vavavoom. The second series of wines were even better.

Montoliva fits neatly into the overriding mission of this website. I want to turn you on to lesser known wines, wineries and places. I want to feature small production wines that can charm and inspire, no matter how jaded your palate may be. And if they also happen to be exceptional values – as these wines certainly are – well that’s the whole package. Here’s a rundown of current releases. All are highly recommended.

Montoliva 2021 Viani Vineyard Falanghina

A Mediterranean white wine grape, this is a deep gold, relatively light in alcohol, and uniquely flavorful, with a palate-tickling yeasty character. Pollen, beeswax and hints of honeycomb are there to greet you, leading into a subtle palate with more of those flavors around light yellow fruits. This is a consummate sipping wine, and a most interesting escape from all the usual white wine suspects. 145 cases; 12.8%; $25 (Sierra Foothills)

Montoliva 2019 Nero d’Avola

This southern Italian stalwart gets a good showing here. It’s sappy and rich, loaded with blueberry, blackberry and black cherry fruit. There’s just enough ripeness to put a touch of pastry on the fruit flavors, and (guessing here) some time in a bit of new wood has added a pleasing toasty popcorn note. 139 cases; 13.9%; $35 (Sierra Foothills)

Montoliva 2018 Teroldego

Grown in Italy’s north, this is a rustic, rough and tannic grape which combines its tannins, acids and chewy black fruits in a potent package. It’s close to Tannat in flavor and style, nothing subtle here but an interesting wine that should match well with smoky barbequed meats. 139 cases; 14.1%; $35 (Sierra Foothills)

Montoliva 2019 Dolcetto

A surge of licorice runs like a rail through this potent Dolcetto. It’s loaded with ripe blackberries, brambly underbrush, and a thread of smoked tea leaves and tobacco. The tannins add grip and power to a lingering finish. This is flat out exceptional in every way. 120 cases; 13.7%; $35 (Sierra Foothills – Chicago Park)

Montoliva 2018 Primitivo

Whether or not you conflate this with Zinfandel, it shares the same burst of raspberry fruit, light pepper, moderate tannins and juicy acids. All this without hitting super high levels of alcohol. It’s structured for aging over the rest of the decade but drinks perfectly well right now. 100 cases; 13.9%; $32 (Sierra Foothills – Chicago Park)

Montoliva 2020 Sierra Bella

Here is your go-to pizza wine. Set the table with your finest checkered tablecloth and pour a fruit-laden glass of this Sangiovese/Teroldego/Barbera/Primitivo blend. The same fruit as featured in the winery’s varietal designates goes into this carafe-ready red, which brings a lush mix of strawberries, raspberries, plums and blackberries into focus. The tannins are perfectly balanced and lend some gravitas to the wine. 250 cases; 13.8%; $22 (Sierra Foothills – Chicago Park)

Montoliva 2017 Sinistra

The blend is two thirds Teroldego and one third Barbera. The power of the fruit is almost overwhelming – a mash-up of raspberries, blueberries, blackberries and black cherries. There are strong highlights of vanilla, tobacco and chocolate, and the tannins add texture and grip. As with the entire portfolio of Montoliva wines, the potent fruit flavors are front and center. These are succulent wines to enjoy immediately, yet fresh and balanced enough to see what further cellar time brings. 125 cases; 13.9%; $35 (Sierra Foothills)


Chicago Park Wine Society 1st Quarter 2024 Release

Montoliva Vineyard & Winery 2021 Due Baci  I am very particular about Due Baci. Italian for “Two Kisses”, I first

Wine & Chocolate 2024

Oh yeah, is this going to satisfy that sweet tooth! Many years ago during a visit to Florence I discovered

Montolivia 2023 Events

Judgement of Chicago Park

Here at Montoliva Vineyard & Winery I have a fairly intense focus on Italian varietals, particularly central and southern Italian

Montoliva Vineyard & Winery Features….Live Music

25 June 2023 1-4pm. Global Beatles Day! We can’t let this glorious day go unrecognized. The local quartet Strings Attached

Montolivia 2023 Events

Saturday Night Movies in the Vineyard

A favorite at Montoliva Vineyard & Winery What do you get when you mix a warm foothill evening, wine and

Montolivia 2023 Events

16th Annual Chicago Park Wine Society Member Appreciation BBQ

12 August 2023 1-4pm This year the food is being catered by La Fornaretta, the finest Sicilian restaurant in all

Spring Cleaning 2022

Let’s enjoy some Library Wines! I’ll be bringing some older vintages over to the tasting room the weekend of March

Some of the original settlers of Chicago Park were first-generation Italian-Americans from Chicago, Illinois. The orchards and vineyards of Chicago Park bear witness to their quest to start a community in the untamed West that mirrored their homeland. Their spirit lives on at Montoliva Vineyard & Winery. Founded in 2000, Montoliva Vineyard & Winery creates Tuscan-inspired wines of uncommon depth and character.

Mark Henry is the owner, vineyardist and winemaker. Julianne Henry’s official title is “Wine Muse”, a designation that belies her efforts at keeping things under control. Together, they welcome the opportunity to walk you through the vineyards, fountains, “go-ahead, pick some” herb garden and, of course, the winery. 

​A true Garagiste, the estate home and winery are one-in-the-same. In the winery, Mark takes his cue from the esteemed wines of Montalcino, Tuscany. Long, slow fermentations using special Tuscan yeasts, extended macerations and barrel aging all play to the strengths of Sangiovese and Aglianico grapes.  

Besides Sangiovese and Aglianico, our current offerings include single varietal bottlings of Nebbiolo, Teroldego, Negroamaro, Falanghina, Primitivo, Barbera, Dolcetto, Nero d’Avola, Montepulciano, Vermentino and Canaiolo Nero.

​A combination of new and old French and Slovakian barrels allows us to blend to create wines that are dry, deep, complex and yet still soft to the touch. Most of our wines are kept in 225 liter barrels for 24 months before bottling. Reserve bottlings age a minimum of 3 years in barrel. 

​In 2020 we bottled a total of 1,700 cases.  In 2021 we anticipate bottling approximately 1,800 cases.

In life we make many commitments. Commitments to ourselves, to our mates, to our children, to our customers, to our communities. I’d like to think that in Montoliva Vineyard & Winery I have rolled all of these commitments into one nice, not-always-so-tidy ball.

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The best advice I received when I decided to start a commercial winery was from a veteran winemaker. He said, “Mark, stay small, never produce more than 200 cases of any single wine, and only make wines that you personally enjoy drinking.” Why only wines that I personally enjoy drinking, I asked. “Just in case you are the only one drinking them” he said. In a perverse sort of way (for a commercial venture anyway), it made sense, and if Montoliva Vineyard & Winery has a philosophy, it encompasses that advice given so many years ago.

My winemaking style is also a bit outside the norm.  It just doesn’t make sense to me to work with grapes known for their earthiness (that’s “earth”, not “barnyard”), their tannin and their acidity, then employ winemaking practices designed to hide as much of this as possible. I employ extended macerations, authentic (and tempermental) wine yeast strains, and loooong barrel aging regimes.  Here’s the thing, if you don’t like complex, earthy, noticeably tannic wines, you probably shouldn’t be drinking Sangiovese or Aglianico.

Finally, as much as possible I want Montoliva Vineyard & Winery wines to reflect my rather extended idea of “terroir”. The Europeans tend to interpret terroir very narrowly (I would too if I owned dirt in Burgundy).  I developed my more expansive view of terroir during my brewing days.  I see terroir as encompassing not just the physical dirt and micro-climate.  It also reflects vineyard cultural practices, winery practices, even the actual physical layout of the winery (yes, I believe that if you change the size of the barrels you work with, it will change the wines produced).  And I want my wines to reflect this place, this time, this winemaker…a sense of “somewhere-ness”.  Like my wines, or not, I want people to taste my wine and sense a “Montoliva-ness” to them.

Our wines are not made from the so-called “Fighting Varietals”, like Cabernet, Merlot, Chardonnay or even Zinfandel.  If I am making wines that I enjoy drinking, well, it isn’t going to be from these varietals.  The Cabs/Merlot/Zins that I really appreciate are all way out of my pocketbook range, which means I can’t truly enjoy them (“ok…that sip just cost me $10”), and I frankly got bored with the Cab/Merlot/Zins that I could afford.

Part of what gravitated me towards Italian varietals, especially Central and Southern Italian varietals is their complexity, especially when these varietals are grown in California. Lots of interesting stuff going on in a well-made (emphasis on “well-made”) California derived Sangiovese, Aglianico or Primitivo.  They tend to retain the earthy mid-palate of their Mediterranean cousins, the heightened tannins and unapologetic acidity.  However, being California grown, they also show a bit more fruit on the front end than their Italian counterparts.  Like I said, interesting….and complex.

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